Below is a bibliography of academic and non-academic references that deal with refugees and refugee histories.

Community Studies

Dorais, Louis-Jacques. “From Refugees to Transmigrants: The Vietnamese in Canada.” Displacements and Diasporas: Asians in the Americas. Eds. Anderson, Wanni and Robert G. Lee. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2005. 170-93. 

Meyers, Jessica. 2006. “Eden Center as a Representation of Vietnamese American Ethnic Identity in the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area, 1975-2005.” Journal of Asian American Studies 9: 55-85.

Nazli, Kibria. 1993. Family Tightrope: The Changing Lives of Vietnamese Americans. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Nguyen, Phuong Tran. Becoming Refugee American: The Politics of Rescue in Little Saigon. University of Illinois Press, 2017.

Ong, Aihwa. Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, and the New America. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2003. 

Tang, Eric. 2015. Unsettled: Cambodian Refugees in the NYC Hyperghetto. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Cultural Production, Refugee Stories, and Memory Work

Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi. “The Danger of a Single Story.” TED: Ideas Worth Spreading. July 2009,

Bui, Long. “The Refugee Repertoire: Performing and Staging the Postmemories of Violence.” Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States, vol. 41, no. 3, 2016, pp. 112-132.

Duong, Lan and Isabelle Thuy Pelaud. 2012. “Vietnamese American Art and Community Politics: An Engaged Vietnamese Perspective.” Journal of Asian American Studies 15 (3): 241-69.

Dudley, Sandra H. 2010. Materializing Exile: Material Culture and Embodied Experiences among Karenni Refugees in Thailand. New York: Berghahn Books.

Hong, Mai-Linh K. “Reframing the Archive: Vietnamese Refugee Narratives in the Post-9/11 Period.” Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States, vol. 41, no. 3, 2016, pp. 18-41.

Ilse Derluyn, Charles Watters, Cindy Mels, and Eric Broekaert, “‘We’re All the Same, Coz Exist Only One Earth, Why the BORDER EXIST’: Messages of Migrants on Their Way.” Journal of Refugee Studies 27 (1): 1-20, 2012.

McCormick, Patricia. “If Only Papa Hadn't Danced.” In Free?: Stories about Human Rights. Candlewick Press, 2010.

Nguyen, Viet Thanh. “Speak of the Dead, Speak of Viet Nam: The Ethics and Aesthetics of Minority Discourse.” The New Centennial Review 6.2 (2006): 7-37. 

Nguyen, Viet Thanh. “Remembering War, Dreaming Peace: On Cosmopolitanism, Compassion and Literature.” The Japanese Journal of American Studies. 20 (2009): 149-74. 

Nguyen, Viet Thanh. Nothing Ever Dies: Vietnam and the Memory of War. Harvard University Press, 2017.

Nguyen, Vinh. “Refugeography in ‘Post-Racial’ America: Bao Phi’s Activist Poetry.” MELUS: Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States 41.3 (2016): 171-93.

Nguyen, Vinh. “Refugee Gratitude: Narrating Success and Intersubjectivity in Kim Thúy’s Ru.” Canadian Literature 219 (2013): 17-36.

Nguyen-Vo, Thu Huong. 2005. “Forking Paths: How Shall We Mourn the Dead?” Amerasia Journal 31: 157-75.

Reyes, Adelaida. 1999. Music and the Vietnamese Refugee Experience: Songs of the Caged, Songs of the Free. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Schlund-Vials, Cathy Jean. War, Genocide, and Justice Cambodian American Memory Work.  Minneapolis, MN: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2012.

Toibin, Colin. “The Barber of Barcelona.” In From the Republic of Conscience: Stories Inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Liberties Press, 2009

Um, Khatharya. 2012. “Exiled Memory: History, Identity, and Remembering in Southeast Asia and Southeast Asian Diaspora.” positions 20(3):831-50.

Um, Khatharya. 2015. From the Land of Shadows: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Cambodian Diaspora. New York: New York University Press.

Vo Dang, Thuy. 2005. “The Cultural Work of Anticommunism in the San Diego Vietnamese American Community.” Amerasia Journal 31 (2): 65-86.

Warsan Shire.  “Home.” (Poem)

Environmental/Climate Change Refugees

Behrman, Simon and Avidan Kent. Climate Refugees: Beyond the Legal Impasse? Routledge, 2018.

Dreher, Tanja and Michelle Voyer. “Climate Refugees or Migrants? Contesting Media Frames on Climate Justice in the Pacific.” Environmental Communication 9 (1) 2015: 58-76.

Farbotko, Carol and Heather Lazrus. “The First Climate Refugees? Contesting Global Narratives of Climate Change in Tuvalu.” Global Environmental Change 22 (2): May 2012: 382-390.

Hyndman, Jennifer. Dual Diasters: Humanitarian Aid After the 2004 Tsunami. Kumarian Press, 2011.

McLeman, Robert A. Climate and Human Migration: Past Experiences, Future Challenges. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

McNamara, Karen Elizabeth and Chris Gibson. “‘We Do Not Want To Leave Our Land’: Pacific Ambassadors at the United Nations Resist the Category of ‘Climate Refugees.’” Geoforum 40 (3): 475-483.

Families and Children

Anita Casavantes Bradford. The Revolution Is for the Children: The Politics of Childhood in Havana and Miami, 1959-1962. University of Carolina Press, 2014.

Leisy Abrego. Sacrificing Families: Navigating Laws, Labor, and Love Across Borders. Stanford University Press, 2014.

Gender, Sexuality, and Feminist Refugee Epistemology

Beswick, Stephanie. 2001. “‘If You Leave Your Country, You Have No Life!’ Rape, Suicide, and Violence: The Voices of Ethiopian, Somali, and Sudanese Female Refugees in Kenyan Refugee Camps.” Northeast African Studies 8:69-98.

Castel, Jacqueline. “Race, Sexual Assault, and the Meaning of Persecution.” International Journal of Refugee Law 4.1 (1992): 39-56.

Chia, Youyee Vang, Faith Nibbs, and Ma Vang, eds. Claiming Place: On the Agency of Hmong Women. University of Minnesota Press, 2016.

El-Haddad, Laila. Gaza Kitchen. Grub Street, 2016.

Espiritu, Yen and Lan Duong, “Feminist Refugee Epistemology: Reading Displacement in Vietnamese and Syrian Refugee Art,” Signs (43: 3).

Freedman, Jane, Zeynep Kivilcim, and Nurcan Özgür Baklacıoğlu. A Gendered Approcah to the Syrian Refugee Crisis. Taylor & Francis, 2017.

Giles, Wenona and Hyndman, Jennifer. Sites of Violence: Gender and Conflict Zones. University of California Press, 2014.

Hyndman, Jennifer. “Introduction: The Feminist Politics of Refugee Migration.” Gender, Place, and Culture 17.4 (2010): 453-59. 

Indra, Doreen Marie. “Ethnic Human Rights and Feminist Theory: Gender Implications for Refugee Studies and Practice.” Journal of Refugee Studies 2.2 (1989): 221-41.

Karpinski, Eva C. 1999. “Choosing Feminism, Choosing Exile: Towards the Development of a Transnational Feminist Consciousness.” In Émigré Feminism: Transnational Perspectives, ed. Alena Heitlinger, 17–29. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Mountz, Alison. 2011. “Where Asylum-Seekers Wait: Feminist Counter-Topographies of Sites between States.” Gender, Place and Culture 18(3):381-99.

Munt, Sally. “Journeys of Resilience: The Emotional Geographies of Refugee Women.” Gender, Place, and Culture 19.5 (2012): 555-77.

“Protecting Refugee Women: Promoting Gender Equality.” Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Programme Standing Committee 51st Meeting, May 31, 2011.

Humanitarianism, Refugee Management, and the Gift of Freedom

Atanasoski, Neda. 2013. Humanitarian Violence: The U.S. Deployment of Diversity. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Feldman, Ilana. 2012. “The Humanitarian Condition: Palestinian Refugees and the Politics of Living.” Humanity: An International Journal of Human Rights, Humanitarianism, and Development 3 (2): 155-72.

Hyndman, Jennifer. 2000. Managing Displacement: Refugees and the Politics of Humanitarianism. University of Minnesota Press.

Malkki, Lisa. “Speechless Emissaries: Refugees, Humanitarianism, and Dehistoricization.” Cultural Anthropology 11.3 (1996): 377-404.

Nayeri, Dina. “The Ungrateful Refugee: 'We Have No Debt to Repay'” The Guardian 4 April 2017.

Nguyen, Mimi Thi. The Gift of Freedom War, Debt, and Other Refugee Passages. Durham: Duke University Press, 2012.

Sahara, Ayako. 2012. “Globalized Humanitarianism: US Imperial Formation in Asia and the Pacific through the Indochinese Refugee Problem.” Ph.D. diss., University of California, San Diego.

Vizcarra, Jael.  “Humanitarian Disappointments: Labor Unrest and the Case of Laotian Refugees in Dirty War Argentina,” Amerasia Journal 42:2 (2016): 49-70.

Health and Mental Health

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1981. “Sudden, Unexpected, Nocturnal Deaths among Southeast Asian Refugees.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 30: 581-84, 589.

Marija Bogic, Anthony Njoku and Stefan Priebe. “Long-Term Mental Health of War-Refugees: A Systematic Literature Review.” BMC: International Health & Human Rights (2015) 15 (29): 1-41.

Sirin, Selcuk R. and Lauren Rogers-Sirin. 2015. The Educational and Mental Health Needs of Syrian Refugee Children. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.

Watters, Charles. “Emerging Paradigms in the Mental Health Care of Refugees.” Social Science & Medicine vol. 52, issue 11, June 2001, 1709-1718.

In Transit: At Sea, Camps, Bases, Processing Centers

Doan, Brian. 2004. The Forgotten Ones: A Photographic Documentation of the Last Vietnamese Boat People in the Philippines. Westminster, CA: Vietnamese American Arts and Letters Association.

Gabiam, Nell. The Politics of Suffering: Syria’s Palestinian Refugee Camps. Indiana University Press, 2016.

Giles, Wenona and Hyndman, Jennifer. Refugees in Extended Exile: Living on the Edge. Routledge, 2016.

Khalili, Laleh. 2005. “Places of Memory and Mourning: Palestinian Commemoration in the Refugee Camps of Lebanon.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East 25: 30-45.

Knudsen, Christian John. 1985. Boat People in Transit: Vietnamese in Refugee Camps in the Philippines, Hong Kong and Japan. Washington, D.C.: Lilian Barber Press.

Kunz, E.F. 1973. “The Refugee in Flight: Kinetic Model and Forms of Displacement.” International Migration Review 7 (2): 125-46.

Lipman, Jana K. 2012. “‘Give Us a Ship’: The Vietnamese Repatriate Movement on Guam, 1975.” American Quarterly 64: 1-31.

Michael Pugh. “Drowning Not Waving: Boat People and Humanitarianism at Sea.” Journal of Refugee Studies 17 (1): 50-69, 2004.

Paik, Naomi. “Carceral Quarantine at Guantánamo: Legacies of US Imprisonment of Haitian Refugees, 1991 – 1994.” Radical History Review (2013) 115: 142-168.

Perera, Suvendrini. 2013. “Oceanic Corpo-graphies, Refugee Bodies and the Making and Unmaking of Waters.” Feminist Review 103: 58-79

Pugliese, Joseph. 2002. “Penal Asylum: Refugees, Ethics, Hospitality.” Borderlands 1(1).

Rajaram, P.K., and C. Grundy-Warr. 2004. “The Irregular Migrant as Homo Sacer: Migration and Detention in Australia, Malaysia, and Thailand.” International Migration 42 (1): 33-63.

Smith, Merrill. 2004. “Warehousing Refugees: A Denial of Rights, a Waste of Humanity.” World Refugee Survey Warehousing Issue: 38-56.

Trần Đình Trụ. Ship of Fate: Memoir of a Vietnamese Repatriate. University of Hawai’i Press, 2017,

Law, Statecraft, and International Refugee Regime

Agamben, Giorgio. “We Refugees.” Symposium 49.2 (1995): 114–19. 

Arendt, Hannah. “We Refugees.” Altogether Elsewhere: Writers on Exile. Ed. Robinson, Mark. Boston and London: Faber and Faber 110–19.

Barnett, Laura. 2002. “Global Governance and the Evolution of the International Refuge Regime.” International Journal of Refugee Law 14 (2-3): 238-62.

Behrman, Simon. Law and Asylum: Space, Subject, Resistance. Routledge, 2018.

Betts, Alexander. 2010. “The Refugee Regime Complex.” Refugee Survey Quarterly 29.1.

Burton, Eve B., and David B. Goldstein. 1993. “Vietnamese Women and Children Refugees in Hong Kong: An Argument Against Arbitrary Detention.” Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law 4: 71-92.

Costello, Cathryn. The Human Rights of Migrants and Refugees in European Law. Oxford University Press, 2015.

Garcia, Maria Cristina. The Refugee Challenge in Post-Cold War America. Oxford University Press, 2017.

Goodwin-Gill, Guy S., and Jane McAdam. 2007. The refugee in international law. Oxford University Press.

Hamlin, Rebecca. 2014. Let Me Be a Refugee: Administrative Justice and the Politics of Asylum in the United States, Canada, and Australia. Oxford University Press.

Lippert, Randy. 1999. “Governing Refugees: The Relevance of Governmentality to Understanding the International Refugee Regime.” Alternatives: Global, Local, Political 24: 295-328.

Liu, Robyn. 2004. “The International Government of Refugees.” In Global Governmentality: Governing International Spaces, edited by Wendy Larner and William Walters, 116-35. London: Routledge.

Nyers, Peter. Rethinking Refugees: Beyond States of Emergency. London: Routledge, 2006. 

Malkki, Lisa. “Refugees and Exile: From ‘Refugee Studies’ to the National Order of Things.” Annual Review of Anthropology 24 (1995): 495-523.

Milner, James. 2009. Refugees, the State and the Politics of Asylum in Africa. Springer.

Parekh, Serena. Refugees and the Ethics of Forced Displacement. Routledge, 2017.

Radley, Kurt Rene. “The Palestinian Refugees: The Right of Return in International Law.” The American Journal of International Law, vol. 72, no. 3, 1978, pp. 586-614.

Salomon, Kim. 1991. Refugees in the Cold War: Towards a New International Refugee Regime in the Early Postwar Era. Lund, Sweden: Lund University Press.

Sautman, B. 1985. “The Meaning of ‘Well-Founded Fear of Persecution’ in United States Asylum Law and in International Law.” Fordham International Law Journal 9 (3): 483-539.

Scalettaris, Guilia. “Refugee Studies and the International Refugee Regime: A Reflection on a Desirable Separation,” Refugee Survey Quarterly 26.3 (2007).

Soguk, Nevzat. 1999. States and Strangers: Refugees and Displacements of Statecraft. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Tuitt, Patricia. False Images: Law’s Construction of the Refugee. Pluto Press, 1996.

Vang, Ma. “The Refugee Soldier: A Critique of Recognition and Citizenship in the Hmong Veterans’ Naturalization Act of 1997.” Positions (2012) 20 (3): 685-712.

Race, Empire, and Militarism

Espiritu, Yến Lê.   Body Counts: The Vietnam War and Militarized Refuge(es). University of California Press, 2014.

Espiritu, Yến Lê. “Towards a Critical Refugee Study: The Vietnamese Refugee Subject in U.S. Scholarship.” Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1.1-2 (2006): 410-33. 

Lê Espiritu, Evyn. (2018). Vexed Solidarities: Vietnamese Israelis and the Question of Palestine, Lit: Literature Interpretation Theory, 29:1, 8-28, DOI:10.1080/10436928.2018.1415568

Madokoro, Laura. 2016. Elusive Refuge: Chinese Migrants in the Cold War. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Todd, Molly. Beyond Displacement: Campesinos, Refugees and Collective Action in the Salvadoran Civil War. University of Wisconsin Press, 2010.

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